In 1561, Riga obtained the status of Free Imperial City, meaning that it was not subject to any intermediate ruler such as a duke or count, but was directly subject to the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. This status lasted until 1581.

Starting in 1575, Riga used a coin striking machine known as a "Walzwerk," consisting of rolls of obverse and reverse dies. A metal plate was fed between the rolls, receiving impressions of both dies, and the coins were then cut out. This increased the speed that coins could be produced as prior to this coins were struck by hammer blow.

Several denominations were struck, though the most common is the schilling. The standard obverse style shows the coat of arms of Riga (stone portal with two flagged towers, small cross on top, and the head of a lion in the gates), and has the legend CIVITATIS RIGENSIS. The standard reverse style shows the small coat of arms of Riga (two crossed keys with a small cross above), and has the legend MONE NO ARGENTEA. A number of varieties exist, several of which are shown below. Coins are shown at three times their normal diameter for ease in comparing the variations.

While the castle and other imagery varies from coin to coin, the variations identified here primarily consist of differences in the obverse and reverse legends, both in how the legend reads, and how the various components are separated.

Legend separators used on these coins are documented here, and this article describes these coins in greater detail.

General Coinage

1563 Schilling
GVILHELM D G A E RI
Wilhelm von Brandenberg's family shield on the breast of an eagle.
P MONETA NOVA RIGE
The small coat of arms of Riga
1586 3 Groszy
STEP D G REX P D L
III / 1586 / GR OS / ARG TRIP / CIVI / RE / GE
1581 Groshen
Riga under Polish control.
1598 Solidus
Riga under Polish control.
Hockey medallion
HOKEJA / KOMANDA / DINAMO / RIGA
RIGA

Free City Ferdings

1565 Ferding
1566 Ferding
CIVITATIS RIGEN
span class="legsep">X MONETA 5R NOVA 5R ARGENTE
1566 Ferding
CIVITATIS RIGENS
X MONETA 5S NOVA 5S ARGEN
1567 Ferding
CIVITATIS RIGEN
X MONETA 5R NOVA 5R ARGENTE
1568 Ferding
No date Ferding

Free City Schillings

1563

1563 Schilling
6S CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
5r MONETA 5r NOVA 5r ARGEN
1563 Schilling
6S CIVITATIS 6S RIGENSIS
5r MONETA 5r NOVA 5r ARGEN

1564

1564 Schilling
6s CIVITATIS 6s RIGENSIS
5r MONETA 5r NOVA 5r ARGEN
1564 Schilling
6s CIVITATIS 6s RIGENSIS
5r MONETA 5r NOVA 5r ARGEN

1563/64

1564/63 Schilling
6s CIVITATIS 6s RIGENSIS
5r MONETA 5r NOVA 5r RIGE
Same reverse as the last Archbishop issue.

1565

1565 Schilling
5s EF MONETA 5s NOVA 5s ARGE
5s EF CIVITATIS 5s RIGENSIS
1565 Schilling
EF MONETA 5s NOVA 5s ARGEN
EF CIVITATIS 5s RIGENSIS

1565 Schilling
5s EF CIVITATIS 5s RIGENS
EF MONETA 5s NOVA 5s ARGE
1565 Schilling
CIVITATIS5s RIGENS
MONE 5s NOVA 5s ARGE

1566

1566 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGENS
EF MONETA P NOVA P ARGE
1566 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGEN
EF MONETA P NO P ARG
1566 Schilling
EF MONETA P NOVA P ARG
EF MONETA NOVA ARGEN
The reverse legend is used on the obverse.

1566 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS 5s RIGENS
EF MONETA 5s NOVA 5s ARG

1567

1567 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGENS
EF MONETA NOVA ARG
1567 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGEN
EF MONETA NOVA ARG

1568

1568 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGEN
EF MONETA P NO P <?>
1568 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS P RIGENS
<?> MONETA P NO P ARGE <?>
The V of CIVITATIS is an upside-down A.
1568 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS P RIGEN
EF MONETA NO 3P ARG
1568 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS P RIGENIS
EF MONE<?> NO P ARG
1568 Schilling
EF MONETA NO ARG
EF MONETA NO <?>
1568 Schilling
EF CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
EF MONETA P NO P ARG

No Date


No Date Schilling
EF CIVITATIS 2P RIGEN
EF MONETA NO ARG
No Date Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGEN
EF MONETA NO ARG
No Date Schilling
EF CIVITATIS 2P RIGEN
EF MONETA NO ARG
No Date Schilling
EF CIVITATIS RIGEN
EF MONETA P NO P ARG
No Date Schilling
6S CIVITATIS P RIGENS
6S MONETA 5s NO 5s ARGEN
Actually undated, or missing a date due to a striking error (later 1569-74 castle style)?

1569

1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGENS
FL MONETA NO ARG
1569 Schilling
2P FL CIVITATIS RIGENSSIS
FL MONETA NO ARGEN
There are two Ss in RIGENSIS. Larger, post-69 dome.
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGENSI
FL MONETA NO ARGEN
Larger, post-69 dome.
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENTE
Larger, post-69 dome, dots on either side and gate? below.
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1569 Schilling
The coin is double-struck, with parts of each legend on both faces.
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGEN
FL MONETA P NO P ARGE
1569 Schilling
2P CIVITATIS P RIGEN
2P MONETA P NO P ARE
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGE
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGE
Larger, post-69 dome. The gate appears to be raised.
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGEN
FL MONETA P NO P ARGE
1569 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGEN
FL MONETA P NO P ARGE
1569 Schilling
CIVITATIS RIGEN
2P MONETA P NO P ARGE

1570

1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
Much obverse doubling.
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 2P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 2P RIGENNS
FL MONECEN ... MON ... N
Reverse double struck after rotation?
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 2P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
Pellets on either side of the gate.
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
Pellets on either side of the gate.
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
Pellets on either side of the gate, and a clear "drawbridge?"
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 2P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Drawbridge, pellets surrounding the gate, and an unusual 3-column dome.
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1570 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGENSI
FL MONETA 2P NO 2P ARGENT

1571

1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P C ARGESIS
FL CIVITAETA P NO P ARGEN
Flip-over double strike.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Very large V in CIVITATIS.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
Double struck - the castle gate can be seen on the reverse, to the left of the 1.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P NO P ARGENT
Double struck, most easily seen in the reverse legend and flatness in the 7 and keys.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
CCVVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MOO(N)ET P NO P ARGENT
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS RIGENSI
FL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Upside-down 7.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Plumes.
1571 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT

1572

1572 Schilling
FL C<?>TIS 3B RIGENSIS
<?> MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 3B RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 3B RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 3B RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Pellet below the keys.
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 3B RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Pellet below the keys.
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 6s RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
Pellet below the keys. While the reverse has a fleur as the legend separator, the obverse has a star instead of three berries.
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
FL MONETA P NO P ARGEN
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS 6S RIGENSIS
CR1 MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS CR2 RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT
1572 Schilling
FL CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
PL MONETA P NO P ARGENT

1574

1574 Schilling
6s CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
PL2 MONETA P NO P ARGEN
Pellet below the keys.
1574 Schilling
6s CIVITATIS P RIGENSIS
PL2 MONETA P NO P ARGEN